Aviatrix Site to Cloud Connection demystified

When working with Aviatrix Site to Cloud Connections, it could be confusing to understand how tunnels are established. I will take you through three scenarios and hopefully help to planning to Aviatrix S2C connections with other vendors.

To start with. I’ve deployed two Aviatrix Transits using following code:

module "mc-transit-1" {
  source  = "terraform-aviatrix-modules/mc-transit/aviatrix"
  version = "2.2.1"
  cloud = "aws"
  region = "us-east-1"
  cidr = "10.100.0.0/23"
  account = "aws-lab-jye"
  name = "transit1"
  local_as_number = 65001
}

module "mc-transit-2" {
  source  = "terraform-aviatrix-modules/mc-transit/aviatrix"
  version = "2.2.1"
  cloud = "aws"
  region = "us-east-1"
  cidr = "10.200.0.0/23"
  account = "aws-lab-jye"
  name = "transit2"
  local_as_number = 65002
}

This code created four transit gateways, a pair for each transit with following public IPs

Transit NamePublic IP
transit154.225.107.173
transit1-hagw3.229.43.96
transit252.200.22.74
transit2-hagw3.212.254.112

Scenario one

One Remote Gateway, no Remote Gateway HA

We selected Transit1, which have two gateways: transit1 and transt1-hagw

We entered one target IP as Remote Gateway IP

After the connection is created, you can observe the tunnels via Multi-Cloud Transit -> List -> Transit Gateway -> Select Transit1 -> Details/Diag -> Connections – <connection name>

Note how two tunnels will be created from each Transit Gateway towards the single Remote Gateway IP

We can also observe this more clearly from CoPilot -> Cloud Routes -> Site 2 Cloud. We can clearly see the source coming from both transit gateways and target to a single IP. Will use CoPilot screenshot going forward.

Note: There will be a bit delay before CoPilot can reflect the change.

Scenario two

Two Remote Gateways, no Remote Gateway HA

We selected Transit1, which have two gateways: transit1 and transt1-hagw

We entered two target IPs as Remote Gateway IP separated by comma:

Still only two tunnels will be created.

  • First tunnel from primary gateway to first remote gateway IP
  • Second tunnel from HA gateway to second remote gateway IP

Scenario Three

Two Remote Gateway, Remote Gateway HA

We selected Transit1, which have two gateways: transit1 and transt1-hagw

We entered two target IPs as Remote Gateway IP separated by comma:

Note: When Remote Gateway HA is enabled, you cannot enter same IP as Remote Gateway IP and Backup Remote Gateway IP, makes sense:

With Enable Remote Gateway HA checked, enter two different IP for Remote Gateway and Backup Remote Gateway

Now four tunnels will be created, each transit gateway will try to establish a tunnel with both remote gateways

2022-10-17 Addition for Tunnel IPs

In above examples, I have left tunnel IP, pre-shared keys blank, so they are generated by Aviatrix automatically, and then can be downloaded as configuration file.

Aviatrix is looking for /30 for IPSec tunnel IPs, and /29 for GRE tunnel IPs. (Requirement for TGW Connect)

Here’s an reference example to plan for those IPs:

From transit1 to transit2, notice I placed “|” in between BGP neighbors, first IP represent the primary GW and second IP represent HA GW

Local Tunnel IP:           169.254.21.2/30,169.254.21.6/30

                                  |               |
Remote Tunnel IP:          169.254.21.1/30,169.254.21.5/30


Local Tunnel IP (Backup):  169.254.21.10/30,169.254.21.14/30
                                  |               |
Remote Tunnel IP (Backup): 169.254.21.9/30,169.254.21.13/30

From transit2 back to transit1, notice I placed “|” in between BGP neighbors, first IP represent the primary GW and second IP represent HA GW

Local Tunnel IP:           169.254.21.1/30,169.254.21.9/30
                                  |               |                                                     Remote Tunnel IP:          169.254.21.2/30,169.254.21.10/30


Local Tunnel IP (Backup):  169.254.21.5/30,169.254.21.13/30
                                  |               |
Remote Tunnel IP (Backup): 169.254.21.6/30,169.254.21.14/30

CoPilot -> Cloud Routes -> Site 2 Cloud shows the IPSec tunnels:

CoPilot -> Cloud Routes -> BGP Info shows the neighbor relationship:

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